Fallingwater House is one of the most important structures of modern architecture history. It always takes a good place in the list of my favorite buildings. I don’t know will it be an exaggeration if I liken it to a poem. A poem relaxing the soul allures us with the harmony of words, emotions and thought. Fallingwater house is a building completely like this, too. An architecture like a poem. A work like a book. Fallingwater House, which is designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is one of the classical works of architecture. It is a house that all of us should see and know.
While designing the Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright have created a masterpiece for the organic architecture understanding. What is the thing that organic? It is meaning that being inside the nature instead of harming it. Nowadays, we are longing for this mostly, perhaps. If we find a green, empty land, we will erect a building immediately. Yes, structuring is necessary. People have been trying to settle into this big world from the first ages. However, I think we are doing something wrong.
Fallingwater Building was not designed with the aim of demolishing the nature or having it. In the contrary, Wright have defended the opinion that people should become integrated with the nature. This house, in Pennsylvania, located in a land where a waterfall pass through into and surrounded by trees and green texture. The hosts asked for a design from the famous American architect to rest and vacation. One of the their wishes was that the house had a view of waterfall. However, this concept idea was so simple that it could come to most people’s mind. There was no ordinary architect in front of them. There was a man who think architecture as a bridge between the nature and human. He was Frank Lloyd Wright who is one of the most important architects in the american history…
The architect had a new and different suggestion to the Kaufmann family. The house was going to constructed on the waterfall instead of located across it. Even if this idea ran counter to cut-and-dry design approaches, Wright accomplished to persuade the family. In this way, the sound of waterfall could be heard from all over the house. The Kaufmann house, which started to be constructed in 1936, has accompanied to the melody performed by the nature after two years later.
Fallingwater House Architecture
The structure has a very fluid and dynamic identity. This dynamic stance of the mass has reflected to the interior space and floor plans. Wright designed the structure with the open plan concept. Even if there were some zones determined by Wright in the floor plan, he did not separate this areas with the sharp lines and partition walls. He just suggested small areas for specific activities like the music corner and the eating space.
Another important factor adding dynamism to the building is its cantilevers that so brave for that period. There are 3 terraces on the upper floor. When we look at the building from across, we feel as if the waterfall streams from up to bottom – from right to left thanks to these terraces.
The natural elements in the immediate surroundings have stanced integrated with the structure such that the Fallingwater House is touching the huge rocks from the some points. While some of these rocks seems like a organ of the slab of the house, some rocks are touching the building from the facades. This touching gives the impression that the Fallingwater Building was designed from a 1 piece rock by carving it. All these features show us the importance of context in architecture.
When you go down to the basement from the stairs in the living room of the house, you go down to the level where the river water flows.
Fallingwater House was donated by the family to a museum in 1963. The structure, which has undergone many changes during its life, has evolved to its current state with a cost of approximately 11.5 million dollars. In addition, it has taken a place among the cult architectural works of modern architecture just as Villa Savoye.